PROVIDENCE, R.I. (WPRI) – More than one of every three federal inmates sentenced in Rhode Island who sought compassionate release last year was let go early from prison, according to data from the U.S. District Court in Rhode Island.
A new report from the U.S. Sentencing Commission found Rhode Island federal judges were second only to jurists in Oregon for districts granting compassionate release requests during 2020. While data directly from federal court in Providence shows the Sentencing Commission undercounted denials during that time period, U.S. District Judge William Smith said he wasn’t surprised to learn Rhode Island was more likely than other districts to grant early release.
“I think we’ve been really, really aggressive and careful about compassionate release petitions that have come before us,” Smith said. “We’ve paid a lot of attention to them and I am really proud of the way we’ve handled them.”
A Target 12 review of data provided by the federal court found 78 inmates who were sentenced in Rhode Island requested an early release in 2020. Of those requests, 45 were denied, 30 were granted, and three were withdrawn.
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Smith said weighing whether they should grant an early release is a balancing test between the risk to an inmate, and a risk to the community.
“There were various points in the pandemic when some federal prisons were literally on fire with the virus,” Smith said.
He added that the judges were keenly aware that a denial of an early release could be tantamount to a death sentence at the height of the pandemic.
“There were times when you would go to bed at night hoping you wouldn’t wake up in the morning to find someone you had under consideration for compassionate release was now on a ventilator in a hospital,” he said. “That was going on all across the country.”
Despite those concerns, the answer was still “no” more often than “yes.”
“If [an inmate] is in for a very long period of time for a crime of violence – let’s say – that is much more difficult and probably don’t grant that one,” Smith said.
That was the case with inmates Gregory Floyd and Harry Burdick, who were convicted in the horrific June 2000 execution-style slaying of Jason Burgeson and Amy Shute at a golf course in Johnston. The couple was carjacked after leaving a club in Providence before being gunned down.
Both Floyd and Burdick had their compassionate release requests denied.
A Target 12 review of the cases that were granted an early release found none of the inmates were serving time for crimes of violence.
The vast majority of the convictions – 19 of 30 – were primarily drugs cases, five were financial crime convictions, two were firearm possession cases, and one each of art theft, escape from prison, bank robbery, and a conviction of “transportation with intent to prostitute.”
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A 2018 act signed into law by then-President Donald Trump opened the floodgates for these types of requests. Prior to the passage of the First Step Act, prisoners could only petition the wardens of the federal prison in which they were serving time. The act allowed prisoners who were denied early release – which was the vast majority – to petition the judge that sentenced them originally.
Thousands of inmates across the country did just that as COVID-19 was ripping through congregate care facilities, including prisons. According to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Prisons, more than 44,000 inmates contracted the virus and 238 of them died. Four BOP staff members also succumbed to the disease.
“I am really proud to say as far as I know, not a single inmate from Rhode Island died of coronavirus in prison,” Smith said, adding just one inmate who was released committed a violation that sent them back to prison.
With the pandemic seemingly receding, 2021 has been a different story.
Of the 23 inmates who have asked for compassionate release since January, just one has been granted.
“The medical issues are not as chronic, not as severe, the prisons are in a much better shape in terms of controlling the virus,” Smith said. “Then the third piece is the vaccination rate has been rising.”
Despite that, Smith said he is seeing a fair number of inmates and defendants (who are being held awaiting trial) refuse to get the vaccine.
“I can only do what I can do, I can’t make them get vaccinated,” Smith said. “I can certainly encourage them to, but we’ve seen some resistance among some defendants and some prisoners.”
But for those who refused to get the vaccine, especially out of personal preference, Smith said that wouldn’t likely help any of their future arguments for compassionate release on the basis of being at heightened risk of contracting the virus.
“I think it is on them,” he said.